Refugee vs Migrant

Here is a short video about refugees that touches the differences between refugees and migrants.

After all this talk about refugees, some may be confused with the difference between refugees and migrants. The UN 1951 Convention defines refugees as:

“a person who… owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or unwilling to return to it.”

A migrant has a broader definition which is:

“any person who lives temporarily or permanently in a country where he or she was not born, and has acquired some significant social ties to this country.”

Let’s do some math. We can use squares and rectangles to represent refugees and migrants. The squares are refugees and the rectangles are migrants.


So all squares are rectangles, but not all rectangles are squares. So all refugees are migrants but not all migrants are refugees. If math is not really your thing that you could read it more from here.



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